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(b Kiiala Estate, nr. Porvoo, 21 July 1854; d Haikko, nr. Porvoo, 18 Aug. 1905). Finnish painter, who with Gallen-Kallela ranks as his country's leading artist in the 19th century. He trained in Antwerp and then in Paris, where under the influence of his friend Bastien-Lepage he took up plein-air naturalism. His paintings gave a fresh interpretation of Finnish country life and he sometimes set biblical scenes in the Finnish landscape (Christ and Mary Magdalene, 1890, Atheneum, Helsinki).

Text Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (Oxford University Press)