(b Philadelphia, 19 July 1793; d New York, 22 July 1856). American painter, one of the first artists from his country to specialize exclusively in landscapes. Doughty was active mainly in his native Philadelphia, but also in Boston and New York. He was essentially self-taught as a painter. In 1837 and again in 1845 he travelled to Europe, visiting England on both occasions. As one of the first to recognize the American landscape as a viable subject for painting, he is regarded as a forerunner of the Hudson River School.
Text Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (Oxford University Press)