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(b Chatou, nr. Paris, 17 June 1880; d Garches, nr. Paris, 8 Sept. 1954). French painter, printmaker, theatrical designer, and sculptor. In the first two decades of the 20th century he was near the centre of avant-garde developments in Paris: he was one of the creators of Fauvism, an early adherent of Cubism, and one of the first to ‘discover’ primitive art. However, in the 1920s he moved away from his pre-war experimentation to a much more conservative style reflecting his admiration for the Old Masters.

Text Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (Oxford University Press)