(b Gradizhsk, Ukraine, 14 Nov. 1885; d Paris, 5 Dec. 1979). Russian painter and textile designer, active in Paris, the wife of Robert Delaunay. She settled in Paris in 1905, married Delaunay in 1910 (after a short-lived marriage of convenience to Wilhelm Uhde) and became associated with him in the development of Orphism. During the 1920s she worked mainly as a designer of hand-printed fabrics and tapestries; she made a strong impact on the world of international fashion, designing creations for such famous women as Nancy Cunard and Gloria Swanson.
Text source: The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (Oxford University Press)