(b Florence, c.1435; d Venice, June/July 1488). Florentine sculptor, painter, and metalworker, one of the outstanding Italian artists of his period. His nickname Verrocchio (‘true eye’) does not refer to his sharpness of vision, but evidently was adopted from a goldsmith for whom he worked early in his career. He is said to have studied in Donatello's workshop, but his main training was as a goldsmith, and delicacy of craftsmanship is one of the salient features of his work. Only one work in precious metal by him survives, however—a silver relief of the Beheading of John the Baptist (1477–80), done for the Baptistery in Florence and now in the Cathedral Museum. His major activity was as a sculptor, in marble, terracotta, and above all bronze, in which he created his two most famous works.

Text source: The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (Oxford University Press)

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