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(b Belém. nr. Lisbon, 10 Mar. 1768; d Rome, 7 Mar. 1836). The leading Portuguese painter of his period, the only one with an international reputation. He studied in Rome 1788–95, and in 1802 he was appointed first court painter in Lisbon. In 1810 he was imprisoned for collaborating with the French invaders during the Peninsular War, but he successfully protested his innocence and after his release in 1811 he designed the celebrated silver table service (1813–16) presented by Portugal to the Duke of Wellington for his part in defeating the French (it is now in the Wellington Museum, London).

Text Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (Oxford University Press)