Art UK has updated its cookies policy. By using this website you are agreeing to the use of cookies. To find out more read our updated Use of Cookies policy and our updated Privacy policy.

Close
Portrait of the Comtesse Vilain XIIII and her Daughter
Photo credit: The National Gallery, London

Portrait of the Comtesse Vilain XIIII and her Daughter 1816

Jacques-Louis David (1748–1825)

The National Gallery, London

(b Paris, 30 Aug. 1748; d Brussels, 29 Dec. 1825). French history painter and portraitist. He was the greatest of Neoclassical painters and one of the most influential European artists of his time. On the advice of the aged Boucher, a distant relative, he was apprenticed to Vien in 1766 and in the same year he became a student at the Académie Royale. In 1774 he won the Prix de Rome at the fifth attempt, and the following year he went to Italy with Vien, who had been appointed director of the French Academy in Rome. David remained in Italy until 1780 and during this period he purged his work of Rococo mannerisms and developed a heroic style heavily influenced by his study of antique sculpture and his admiration for Poussin and Raphael. After his return to Paris he quickly rose to be the leading painter of the day.

Text source: The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (Oxford University Press)


Do you know someone who would love this resource? Tell them about it...