(b Paris, 15 Feb. 1817; d Paris, 19 Feb. 1878). French landscape painter, one of the earliest exponents of plein-air painting in France. He came from a family of artists and was taught initially by his father Edmé-François (1789–1843), likewise a landscape painter; he also learnt a good deal by copying 17th-century Dutch pictures in the Louvre. Although he is considered a member of the Barbizon School, he never actually lived in the locality, and his favourite subjects were river—rather than forest—scenes (he often painted from a specially fitted boat).
Text source: The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (Oxford University Press)