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(b Bologna, 14 Mar. 1665; d Bologna, 25 Mar. 1747). Bolognese painter. His nickname (‘the Spaniard’) was given to him in his student days because of his manner of dress. He reacted against the academic tradition in which he was trained (Cignani was one of his teachers) and is now best known for low-life genre scenes. They are in the tradition of the everyday-life paintings of the Carracci, but go far beyond them in their sombre gravity and sense of unvarnished reality (The Hamlet, c.

Text Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (Oxford University Press)