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(b Tapiau, East Prussia [now Gvardeysk, Russia], 21 July 1858; d Zandvoort, Netherlands, 17 July 1925). German painter and printmaker. Part of his training was with Bouguereau in Paris (1884–7), but he was more strongly influenced by the painterly work of French artists such as Courbet and Manet, as well as by Hals, Rembrandt, and Rubens. On his return to Germany he lived mainly in Munich before settling in Berlin in 1901.

Text Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (Oxford University Press)