(b Madrid, 2 Mar. 1642; d Madrid, 20 Apr. 1693). Spanish painter, the last important master of the Madrid School of the 17th century. He was primarily a religious painter, but he also produced portraits. His masterpiece, Charles II Adoring the Host (1685–90), a huge canvas in the sacristy of the Escorial, combines a mystical religious subject with realistic portraiture and is an outstanding example of Baroque illusionism, mirroring the architecture of the building in which it hangs.
Text Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (Oxford University Press)