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(b Valenciennes, 11 May 1827; d Coubevoie, 11 Oct. 1875). The outstanding French sculptor of his period (also a painter, draughtsman, and etcher). He studied for ten years at the École des Beaux-Arts (where Rude was his main teacher), before eventually winning the Prix de Rome in 1854. His major work in Rome was Count Ugolino and His Sons (1860, Mus. d'Orsay, Paris, and other versions), a tragic scene from Dante.

Text Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (Oxford University Press)