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British painter and illustrator, the head of a family of artists. He studied in London, Antwerp, and Paris (at the *Académie Julian), and his work consisted mainly of landscapes, portraits, and genre scenes in an accomplished but unexceptional style. His wife, Annie (1862–1945), took up painting when she was in her sixties; Sir John *Rothenstein writes that ‘Certain of her paintings are reminiscent of *Lowry's (which she is unlikely to have seen); others show the influence of *Cubism, originally interpreted.’ They had three painter children: Sydney (1888–1929), Hilda (1889–1950), and Richard (1896–1980), all of whom studied at the *Slade School. One of Sydney's fellow-students there was Stanley *Spencer, to whom Hilda was married from 1925 to 1937.

Text source: A Dictionary of Modern and Contemporary Art (Oxford University Press)

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