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(b Lausanne, Switzerland, 3 Nov. 1846; d Gormanston Castle, Co. Meath, 2 Oct. 1933). British painter who concentrated almost exclusively on military scenes. She initially had no military connections (although she married an army officer in 1877) and took up such subjects because she thought they were comparatively neglected in Britain, offering an ambitious artist scope to ‘distinguish herself from the ruck’. This idea was vindicated and during her heyday in the 1870s she was one of the most acclaimed artists in Britain. Her work appealed to popular patriotic sentiment, but she was also admired by critics such as Ruskin, who said she had forced him to admit he had been wrong in believing that ‘no woman could paint’. Lady Butler said, ‘I never painted for the glory of war, but to portray its pathos and heroism’, and although her pictures often have a glossy, Hollywood quality, they are sincerely felt, and she has been praised for trying to show the experience of the common soldier rather than concentrating—as was then usual—on the heroic deeds of officers.

Text source: The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (Oxford University Press)

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