(b Arnold, nr. Nottingham, 25 Oct. 1802; d London, 23 Sept. 1828). English painter, active mainly in France (his family settled in Calais for business reasons when he was 15). In 1818 he moved to Paris, where he studied with Gros and became a friend of Delacroix. Their Romanticism is reflected in his fondness for historical ‘costume’ pictures, but it was as a landscapist that he established his reputation, particularly with works he exhibited at the ‘English’ Salon of 1824, at which his own paintings (which won him a gold medal) and those of Constable were the star attractions. Bonington travelled a good deal in France in search of subjects. He also spent time with Delacroix in England in 1825, and in 1826 he visited Italy, producing some of his finest work in Venice.

Text source: The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (Oxford University Press)

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