(b Basle, 19 Oct. 1827; d San Domenico, nr. Fiesole, 16 Jan. 1901). Swiss painter. With Hodler he ranks as the most important Swiss painter of the 19th century, and in the 1880s and 1890s he was the most influential artist of the German-speaking world, even though from 1850 he had spent most of his time in Italy. He established his reputation with Pan in the Reeds (1857, Neue Pin., Munich), the beginning of his preoccupation with the world of nymphs and satyrs, naiads, and tritons, the results of which are sometimes slightly absurd.
Text Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (Oxford University Press)