(b Lille, 28 Apr. 1868; d Paris, 16 Apr. 1941). French painter and writer. In 1884–6 he studied in the studio of Cormon, where he became a friend of Toulouse-Lautrec and also of Anquetin, with whom he developed Cloisonnism in 1887–8. Between 1888 and 1891 he worked closely with Gauguin at Pont-Aven; he had a stimulating effect on his great colleague and together they created Synthetism. Thereafter, however, Bernard's work as a painter greatly declined in importance, and he became of interest chiefly for his activities as a writer, playing a significant role as a sponsor of Post-Impressionism.
Text Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (Oxford University Press)