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(b Stuttgart, 22 Jan. 1889; d Stuttgart, 31 Aug. 1955). German abstract painter. Unlike most significant German painters of his time, he stood apart from Expressionism and is regarded as the most ‘European’ in spirit of his contemporaries. Between 1911 and 1914 he had several stays in Paris (sometimes in company with his close friend Oskar Schlemmer) and his early work was influenced by Cubism.

Text Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (Oxford University Press)