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(b Paris, 29 Feb. 1908; d Rossinière, Switzerland, 18 Feb. 2001). French painter (and occasional stage designer), the son of cultured Polish parents, both of whom painted. He had no formal training but was encouraged by the family friends Derain (of whom Balthus painted a memorable portrait (1936, MoMA, New York) and Bonnard. His work was dominated by erotic imagery, his favourite theme being the adolescent girl awakening to sexual consciousness; characteristically these girls are shown languidly sprawled or kneeling awkwardly over books in claustrophobic interiors that have a suggestion of Surrealist oddness (The Living Room, 1941–3, Minneapolis Inst.

Text Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (Oxford University Press)