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Winter Landscape
Photo credit: National Galleries of Scotland

Winter Landscape c.1630

Hendrick Avercamp (1585–1634)

National Galleries of Scotland
(bapt. Amsterdam, 25 Jan. 1585; bur. Kampen, 15 May 1634). Dutch painter and draughtsman, active in Kampen, the most famous exponent of the winter landscape, which he established as a distinct category in Dutch art. He was deaf and dumb and known as ‘de Stomme van Kampen’ (the mute of Kampen). His paintings are colourful and lively, with carefully observed skaters, tobogganers, golfers, and pedestrians. Such works enjoyed great popularity and Avercamp also sold his drawings, many of which are tinted with watercolour, as finished pictures (an outstanding collection is at Windsor Castle). His nephew and pupil Barent Avercamp (1612–79) carried on his style in an accomplished manner.

Text source: The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (Oxford University Press)

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