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Polish-born Israeli painter. He was born in the village of Tuchów, the son of a Jewish watchmaker. From 1920 to 1925 he studied at the *Bauhaus, where he became a friend of his teacher *Klee. In 1926 he moved to Munich, then taught at *Itten's art school in Berlin from 1929 to 1933, when he fled to Jerusalem because of Nazi persecution. He taught at the Belazel School of Arts and Crafts in Jersualem, 1935–52 (he was the school's director, 1940–52), and he was artistic adviser to the Israeli Ministry of Education and Culture, 1952–62.

Text Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (Oxford University Press)