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(b on the family plantation, Georgetown County, SC, 5 Nov. 1779; d Cambridgeport [now part of Cambridge], Mass., 9 July 1843). American painter and writer, ‘the first important artist working in the United States to embody a personal, Romantic point of view in his work’ (Oxford Dictionary of American Art and Artists). Samuel Taylor Coleridge, whose portrait Allston painted (1814, NPG, London), considered him ‘a man of…high and rare genius…whether I contemplate him in the character of a Poet, a Painter, or a Philosophic Analyst’.

Text Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (Oxford University Press)