Pre-Raphaelitism, the style popularised by the members of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood from 1848, was a reaction to the academic traditions that saw Raphael as the ideal artist. It treated serious subjects with intensity and extreme realism. Early members included William Holman Hunt and John Everett Millais. Its later phase, seen in the work of Dante Gabriel Rossetti and Edward Burne-Jones, has a more mystical nature.
What is Pre-Raphaelitism?
Rebels. Revolutionaries. Romantics. The Pre-Raphaelites wanted to create a new kind of art, fit for the purpose of a new world.
Their intention was to build on what they admired from the past, not just the Old Masters they were being taught about but a counter-culture of heroes. Their influences ranged from Quattrocento artists to the painters and writers of their own age.
Video credit: HENI Talks
Beata BeatrixDante Gabriel Rossetti (1828–1882)
National Galleries of Scotland, Scottish National Gallery
William Ewart Gladstone (1809–1898)John Everett Millais (1829–1896)
Christ Church, University of Oxford
Puss in BootsJohn Everett Millais (1829–1896)
Dundee Art Galleries and Museums Collection (Dundee City Council)
The ConvalescentJohn Everett Millais (1829–1896)
Aberdeen Art Gallery & Museums
Dante Gabriel Rossetti (1828–1882)William Holman Hunt (1827–1910)