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A group of German Expressionist artists formed in Dresden in 1905 by Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Karl Schmidt-Rottluff, Erich Heckel, and Fritz Bleyl, all of whom were architectural students at the Dresden Technical School. The name was chosen by Schmidt-Rottluff and suggested the group's faith in the art of the future to which they would act as a bridge. Kirchner wrote the group's short manifesto issued in 1906, the year in which Emil Nolde joined (he left the following year).

Text source: The Oxford Concise Dictionary of Art Terms (2nd Edition) by Michael Clarke

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