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John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

Photo credit: National Portrait Gallery, London

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Rising to become a confidential agent of James, Duke of York once James became King in 1685, Churchill played a major role in crushing the Duke of Monmouth's rebellion. Just three years later he abandoned his Catholic king in favour of the Protestant William of Orange. His influence at court reached its height with the accession of Queen Anne. Promoted to Commander-in-Chief of the allied forces, he achieved huge victories against the French in the War of the Spanish Succession.

National Portrait Gallery, London


  • Date

    late 17th (?) or early 18th C

  • Medium

    oil on canvas

  • Measurements

    125.7 x 104.1 cm

  • Accession number


  • Acquisition method

    Transferred from the British Museum, 1879


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National Portrait Gallery, London

St Martin’s Place, London, Greater London WC2H 0HE England

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