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In the centre of the picture a physician or natural philosopher holds up a flask of urine which the woman standing nearby has brought to him in the wicker basket which she holds on her arm. In traditional western medicine, examination of urine was the commonest method of diagnosis. The painters Gerard Thomas (1663–1720) and Balthasar van den Bossche (1681–1715) continued at Antwerp the tradition popularised by David Teniers the younger (1610–1690), of showing chemists, apothecaries and physicians in the setting of a room designed as the museum or laboratory of a scholar.
oil on canvas
86 x 120.5 cm
purchased by Henry S. Wellcome, c.1900–1936