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(b Paris, 5 Jan. 1900; d Woodbury, Conn., 15 Jan. 1955). French-born painter who became an American citizen in 1948. Whilst working at various odd jobs in Paris he began sketching café scenes that were praised by Vlaminck, and in 1923 he decided to take up art seriously after being greatly impressed by the work of de Chirico; he had no formal artistic training. In 1925 he met André Breton and joined the Surrealist group.

Text Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (Oxford University Press)