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(b Edinburgh, 2 Oct. 1713; d Dover, 10 Aug. 1784). Scottish painter, active mainly in London, where he was the outstanding portraitist from about 1740 to the rise of Reynolds in the mid-1750s (he also maintained a studio in Edinburgh for several years). He studied in Edinburgh and London, and then from 1736 to 1738 in Italy (including a period with Solimena in Naples), and when he returned to London he had a much more elegant and sophisticated style than any of the established portraitists such as Hudson.

Text Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (Oxford University Press)