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(b Munich, 8 Feb. 1880; d nr. Verdun, 4 Mar. 1916). German painter, active mainly in his native Munich. His early work was in an academic style, but visits to Paris in 1903 and 1907 introduced him to Impressionism and Post-Impressionism. He was particularly impressed by the work of van Gogh, under whose influence his style moved towards Expressionism. In 1910 he met August Macke, who became his closest friend, and also Kandinsky; with them he was a leading member of the Blaue Reiter group, founded in 1911.

Text Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (Oxford University Press)