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(b Paris, 16 Mar. 1771; d Meudon, nr. Paris, 25 June 1835). French painter. He trained with his parents, both of whom were miniaturists, and then with J.-L. David. Although he revered David and became one of his favourite pupils, Gros had a passionate nature and he was drawn more to the colour and vibrancy of Rubens and the great Venetian painters than to the Neoclassical severity of his master. From 1793 to 1800 he worked in Italy, where he met Napoleon and was commissioned to paint portraits documenting his campaigns.

Text Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (Oxford University Press)